Gary Burtless holds the John C. and Nancy D. Whitehead Chair in Economic Studies at the Brookings Institution. Before to joining Brookings in 1981, he served as an economist in the policy and evaluation offices of the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. Gary’s recent research has focused on sources of growing wage and income inequality in the United States, the influence of international trade on income inequality, the job market prospects of public aid recipients, reform of social insurance in developing countries and formerly socialist economies, and the implications of privatizing the American social security system. Gary is co-author of Globaphobia: Confronting Fears about Open Trade (1998); Five Years After: The Long Term Effects of Welfare-to-Work Programs (1995); Growth with Equity: Economic Policymaking for the Next Century (1993); and Can America Afford to Grow Old? Paying for Social Security (1989). He is also the author of numerous scholarly and popular articles on the economic effects of Social Security, public welfare, unemployment insurance, and taxes. Gary earned his Ph.D. in economics at MIT.