James Heckman is the Henry Schultz Distinguished Service Professor of Economics at the University of Chicago, where he has taught since 1973. In 2000, he won the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel (aka the Nobel Prize). He directs the Economics Research Center in the Department of Economics and the Center for Social Program Evaluation at the Harris School for Public Policy at the University of Chicago. Heckman is also Professor of Science and Society in University College Dublin and a Senior Research Fellow at the American Bar Foundation. His work has been devoted to development of a scientific basis for economic policy evaluation, and he has developed a body of new econometric tools. His recent research focuses on inequality, human development, and lifecycle skill formation, with a special emphasis on the economics of early childhood. Heckman has published more than 280 articles and several books, and has received numerous awards for his work in addition to the Nobel Prize. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a fellow of the American Philosophical Society, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Econometric Society, the Society of Labor Economics, the American Statistical Association, the International Statistical Institute, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the National Academy of Education. Heckman earned his Ph.D. in Economics from Princeton.