Michael Levi is the David M. Rubenstein senior fellow for energy and environment at the Council on Foreign Relations. He is director of the Council’s program on energy security and climate change, and project director for the Council-sponsored Independent Task Force on Climate Change. He is also an adjunct assistant professor of international and public affairs at Columbia University. Previously, Michael was a science and technology fellow in foreign policy studies at the Brookings Institution. Prior to that, he was director of the Federation of American Scientists’ Strategic Security Project. He is the author of On Nuclear Terrorism (2007) and co-author of The Future of Arms Control (2005) with Michael O’Hanlon. His essays have been published in Foreign Affairs, Nature, Scientific American, and the New Republic, among others. His op-eds have appeared in The New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, and Financial Times. Michael earned his Ph.D. in war studies at the University of London (King’s College).