Morton Owen Schapiro is president of Williams College. Prior to that, he was dean of the College of Letters, Arts and Sciences and professor of economics at the University of Southern California from 1994 to 2000. Morty has written several books, including The Student Aid Game: Meeting Need and Rewarding Talent in American Higher Education (1998), with Michael McPherson; Paying the Piper: Productivity, Incentives, and Financing in U.S. Higher Education (1993), with Michael McPherson and Gordon Winston; and Keeping College Affordable: Government and Educational Opportunity (1991), with Michael McPherson. Morty has presented papers at several Forum symposia, including “Middle Income Melt” in 1992, and “Are We Keeping College Affordable” and “Tenure Issues in Higher Education,” both with Mike McPherson in 1996 and 1998, respectively. Morty has co-chaired the Ford Policy Forum with Mike McPherson since its inception. He earned his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Pennsylvania.