Roger W. Ferguson, Jr. is president and chief executive officer of TIAA-CREF. He is the former Vice Chair of the Board of Governors of the U.S. Federal Reserve System and represented the Federal Reserve on several international policy groups and served on key Federal Reserve System committees, including Payment System Oversight, Reserve Bank Operations, and Supervision and Regulation.Asthe only Governor in Washington D.C. on 9/11, he led the Fed’s initial response to the terrorist attacks, taking actions that kept the U.S. financial system functioning while reassuring the global financial community that the U.S. economy would not be paralyzed. Prior to joining TIAA-CREF in 2008, Ferguson was head of financial services for Swiss Re and Chairman of Swiss Re America Holding Corporation. Prior to that, he was a partner at McKinsey & Co. and an attorney at Davis Polk & Wardwell. Ferguson served as a member of President Obama’s Council on Jobs and Competiveness as well as its predecessor, the Economic Recovery Advisory Board. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and co-chair of the Committee for Economic Development and the National Academy of Sciences’ Committee on the Long-Run Macro-Economic Effects of the Aging U.S. Population.He is chair of the Business-Higher Education Forum, and a board member of the Institute for Advanced Study and the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. He is a member of the Economic Club of New York, the Council on Foreign Relations and the Group of Thirty. Ferguson earned his J.D. and Ph.D. in economics at Harvard University.